farmstead health supply

farmstead health supply

How To Litter Train A Rabbit?

A rabbit is a great indoor pet companion and they’re more than a bundle of fur. Much like a cat, your rabbit can be litter trained. The following user-friendly guide will give you tips on how to successfully littler train your rabbit.

Step1 Start Early

If you have a baby, litter training is essential. However, older rabbits can be litter trained too.

Step2 Craft A Litter Box

Start by creating a litter box with hay inside the litter box. Avoid slight misses near the litter box by putting paper underneath your little box (some rabbits will mark their territory with droppings around the box). Pay attention to the areas that your rabbit likes to take their bathroom breaks and you can always try using more than one litter box. The litter box should be crafted so they’ll have to hop into it. In fact, you won’t have to fill the litter box with a lot of hay because rabbits don’t bury their droppings like a cat. Put a thin layer of hay in their litter box to avoid wasting hay when your cleaning.


Place their little box in a confined area in the beginning. If they respond well to the litter box area, give them more space. However, if they start to regress (the more accidents that have outside of the litter box) began to use a confined area again until they are successfully using the litter box. You can use a puppy pen to confine their space.


If your rabbit has an accident, clean it up with a paper cloth and put it inside their litter box. Do the same thing with their poop. This will help them recognize where to do their business. Be patient and recognize that your rabbit will have accidents. Be consistent on cleaning up any spills and placing it in their litter box.


Your rabbit likes to eat hay and may end up eating their droppings if you don’t pay attention. Watch your rabbit as they begin to litter train.
If your rabbit is peeing and pooping everywhere, they be marking their territory. You may want to get your rabbit spayed or neutered to stop this type of behavior. You can also use a rabbit snappy trainer to stop them from doing their business on the bed or the couch. You can find them at your local pet store. Immediately correct any behavior that involves your rabbit doing their business on your bed or couches.
You can also place a hay feeder beside the litter box to establish great litter training habits. In fact, use rabbit-safe litter without a scent to avoid making your rabbit sick. Pay attention to litter types that have been known to make rabbits sick. Experts suggest staying away from softwood like cedar. Again, you have to pay attention to your rabbit in the early stages of littering training so if they have an accident you can direct them towards the litter box. Be patient with your rabbit, but be consistent during litter training.

How deep does the rabbit hole go?

A good stable is a considerable investment and it is worthwhile to look for the various options available. When choosing a stable, size, construction, ease of maintenance and costs must be considered. If you have a limited budget, you have to ask yourself if a rabbit is a right pet for you, because a good rabbit hutch and a good exercise will probably cost around 300 euros. Know how deep does the rabbit hole go.

A good stable must be made of solid wood (no plywood), well built, with no nails or screws, and with a watertight solid wood roof covered with thick felt. It should be on the legs or on the supports to be lifted off the ground and to have at least two compartments inside, one of which is made up of solid walls to provide sleeping and sleeping space for the rabbit. The doors must be equipped with a thick metal wire mesh, fixed hinges, and a secure lock. Ideally, you should be able to lock the doors. Rabbits were stolen from huts, and predators, especially foxes, are able to break into a poorly built rabbit niche.

Size is extremely important. The recommended minimum size for a rabbit is 6 feet x 2 feet x 2 feet. The hare should make three full jumps and be able to stretch on the hind legs. For a pair of rabbits, increase the dimensions as much as possible. If rabbits are unable to jump or stretch, their bone structure may be impaired, especially in young rabbits less than a year old.

The best rabbit nest is one that meets the above specifications and is attached to a secure, durable practice area of at least 8 ‘x 4’ x 2 ‘. The training course should be covered with wire mesh at the top and sides and should be checked regularly to ensure that the hare does not dig holes in the edges that could escape it.

Rabbits can live 10 years or more, so the price of a good rabbit is worth it. A solid wood bell means you can wait easier. It’s best to shop online instead of going to a pet store. There are many independent retailers selling cottages and you will probably find a cheaper online store than a shop. You can even get individual cages to your liking and give your rabbits a wonderful and safe home.

When assembling your rabbit cage, you need to think about utility. If you intend to keep it in the house, you do not need a traditional wooden sideboard with half-slatted floor. Rabbits do not like walking on a wire and spend a lot of time in their compartment. Another thing to keep in mind is the cleanliness. The wood absorbs many odors that you can consider when building a rabbit hutch with a metal floor and easier to clean. Today, many rabbits are made of metal and fiber. These modern designs are ideal for indoor use. Some of them are so good that they can add charm to your garden or garden. You can look for a wooden hexagonal rabbit hutch.


Goats are playful, social and destructive animals. Their playful and social characteristics make them friendly. A goat can be destructive too. Due to its jumpy nature, a goat can end up destroying your entire garden. When destruction occurs you will incur costs to remodel the garden again. All these make caring for your pet a demanding and expensive activity. You should not fall back if you have decided to incorporate a goat in your lifestyle. The following are goats care tips which you will easily implement without any financial or social strains.

Favorable local laws

Different towns have varying rules and regulations concerning goat keeping. A town can set 60 pounds as the minimum goat weight required within the town. Check for the possibility of the goat destroying your neighbor’s property. A Goat produces a lot of noise hence you should confirm whether the neighbors are ok with that.

Proper housing

Goats should be kept in a safe place free from other hostile creatures and individuals. You should provide an area of 135 square feet for a single goat. The area should be properly fenced to keep away individuals with bad intentions. Creatures such as snakes can be fatal when they bite your goat. They should be kept away. The fence should be made to 4-5 feet high to prevent the goat from jumping over.


Goats are choosy eater. They won’t eat everything which they meet on the way. Foliage available in your backyard is not enough for your goat. You should supplement the goat’s diet through hay, weeds, grass, grains, and shrubs. You provide them with plenty of water and salt licks throughout the day. It is also recommended that you uproot any toxic plants and flower within your backyard. They can cause ill health on your goat and probably end up dying.


Goats are vulnerable to a lot of infections. Tetanus, Coccidiosis, and Bladder stones are fatal diseases when they infect your goat. Vaccines protect your goat from these infections before their outbreak. Some diseases such as sore mouth can be passed on from the goat to humans. You should take the health issues of your goat serious because it can affect your health too.

Hoof trimming

Hoof trimming is an important management practice for your goat. When the hooves are left to overgrow they make it painful for the goat to walk. They can also cause some leg related problems. It is advisable that you acquire a hoof trimming set for regular trimming activities of your goat.

Goat keeping is always a demanding activity. But that does not imply that you won’t keep it in your backyard. Getting quality and quantity feeds for your goat is the basic action you should first take. Thereafter you will need to buy mineral supplements and vaccines for protection against disease outbreaks. Hoof trimmer is the last equipment you will require. These are simply the basics which will keep your Goat secure and give it the care it requires. All the best as you start on your goat keeping project.

Top 5 Rabbit Care Tips

Rabbits are lovely pet animals to add in any home. These furry pets are lovable, huggable, quiet and comfortable to take care of. Rabbits make great pets due to their wonderful personalities and ability to adapt to domestic lifestyles even in apartments easily. They require some special attention for them to stay healthy and happy. They should be kept inside the house at night to protect them from predators like skunks, wolves, dogs, foxes, and coyotes.

1. Find the Best Rabbit Hutch

Get a best rabbit hutch that allows room for laying down, stretching out comfortably and have adequate space for water, food and litter box. You can build your outdoor cage or purchase one as long as it’s spacious. Introduce an exercise pen to offer extra space for your rabbit to move around. Besides, fill the cage with soft natural material like soft wood shavings or hay to keep them comfortable. Moreover, Place the cage in a rabbit-proof area. For instance, remove small objects, all electrical cords, furniture and avoid having plants or chemicals that may harm your rabbit in the room.

2. Provide a litter box, hiding places and playing toys

Rabbits naturally use the same spot as a restroom (like one corner of the hatch) over and over. Line a litter box with newspapers (then fill it with litter or hay made particularly for rabbits) and place it in your rabbit’s preferred corner. Rabbits are burrowing animals, so consider providing hiding places like cardboard boxes or logs. Moreover, rabbits keep their teeth healthy by chewing: if you don’t offer safe chews like snacks, they may chew on other items like furniture.

3. Feed the rabbit on a balanced diet

Provide unlimited grass hay like oat, brome or Timothy in a clean area at all times: a significant component of rabbits’ diet. Hay pellets like Timothy are also a good source of fiber and protein essential for growing bunnies. Besides, offer plenty of clean fruits and vegetables like carrots, spinach, mustard greens, apples, blueberries, and bananas. Fruits and vegetables have high sugar content hence should be given occasionally. Avoid as much as possible giving the rabbit unhealthy foods. Additionally, supply plenty of fresh water daily by use of bowls or rabbit size bottles. Ensure that they are cleaned frequently to prevent contamination.

4. Give some play and exercise time

After getting your first rabbit, you should leave it in its hutch or cage to get used to its home. Introduce yourself calmly and slowly as you speak, so it doesn’t get scared and get used to you: next time you approach it to play with it or take it out, it will be much easier. Let your rabbit out for several hours (5-8) per day for it to run and hop around to facilitate its health. Introducing playing toys is also great.

5. Keep the rabbit healthy

Ensure that you clean the cage with hot soapy water every week and be providing clean shavings or hay. Water bowl or bottle washing and changing of the little box should be done every day. Besides, disinfecting litter box with white vinegar solution to get rid of alkaline urine crystals every week or so will keep your rabbit healthy.

Rabbits should not be bathed unless they get very dirty and are unable to groom themselves properly. Instead, they can be brushed carefully with a soft-bristled brush at least twice a week. Finally, take your rabbit to the vet at least twice a year for checkups to ensure they are healthy.


Learn your rabbit’s body language to know when happy, restless or feeling unwell. Let the above rabbit care tips be an excellent start for you! Always keep your rabbit healthy and happy.

Microscopes buying Guide

If you just read our ranking of the best microscopes of the moment, you will understand that there are many different models. Type, functionality, purpose, lighting, type of power supply, materials … everything is used by manufacturers to make a difference compared to their competitors. However, it is important to focus on what matters to you in a microscope.

How to choose a microscope

A microscope is really the dream object of explorers and curious people as well as professional scientists. But a biologist’s microscope will not be suitable for a 10-year-old who could break it, have trouble handling it, and will not use all the options. Just as a biologist would have little use of a toy microscope with limited functionality and precision. It is important to know what you want to do with your microscope to choose the model that best fits your expectations so that it does not end in oblivion after the first use. Here are some criteria that can help you define your needs.

The head

Another great criterion of differentiation when choosing a microscope is the head of the microscope, which can be straight or inclined.

– Fixed or straight head: simple optics. It is not the platinum that moves to focus, but the head of the microscope. The use is great for kids because it is simpler even though it is less accurate.

– Head inclined (30 or 35 degrees), with these models, it is the platter that moves so the focus is more precise.

The objective

The objective can be achromatic and help correct the color defects of the image, or plan-achromatic, which will do the same thing and rectify in addition the flatness around.

The choice of a microscope can be done almost solely on the lens since it is he who will define the magnification ratio and give the first image that you will be able to observe. It is often a 4x, 10x, 20x, 40x, or 100x magnification compared to the actual size. The magnification ratio is not the magnification force or the ratio of the image size to the actual size of the object, but the magnification force is calculated by multiplying the objective force and strength of the eyepiece.

Think about the types of things you want to watch. If you want to zoom in on sheet objects or other objects for children, you will not need a large magnification ratio. On the other hand, if you want to observe cells very closely, it is a different choice that is offered to you.


The eyepiece is in addition to the objective. This is where you stick your eye to observe, and it works like a magnifying glass thanks to the lenses of which it is made. It is he who allows to magnify even more the image given by the lens and to make the image clear. There are several types of eyepieces:

– Ocular to Huyen: with their simple optics and reduced field of view, this is the type of eyepiece often found on amateur microscopes. Great for kids.

– Micrometric eyepiece, which measures the dimensions of what you observe to compare measurements. Convenient if you need this!

– Wide-field eyepiece. As its name suggests, this type of eyepiece is often found on higher-range microscopes, since their optics are better and the field of view is developed. Real comfort for the user warns, but a luxury for the amateurs!

– Secure eye, which prevents falls or theft. Yes, the eyepiece is a piece that reports on the market!


When we talk about functionality in a microscope, we mostly want to talk about debugging commands. Are they easy to access? Simple to use?

Focus controls are used to change the distance between the deck and the lens to form a sharp picture.

Also in terms of functionality, we will look at how microscopic preparations are fixed. The simple microscopes with valets, they are often found in schools in biology: they are the most simple models of use for fixation. On the other hand, it is difficult to make precise manipulations. There are otherwise microscopes with overhang, allowing precise movement, but manipulations are more difficult to perform.

The lighting

Another essential criterion of the microscope is lighting. On the cheapest models for beginners, the lighting is simply in daylight (mirror, wireless). It is very good during the day, and especially to take in the garden but at night … They are not usable! Otherwise, other models use LED light that is white and rather cold but that lasts a long time or halogen that is yellow and therefore similar to natural light.


A microscope is still an investment. So choose a resistant model that will not let go in the minute, which will not break at first. The materials are important, plastic or steel makes a real difference.

I’m afraid this list is non-exhaustive. But you understand the idea: there is a lot that your microscope can do for you if you wish, and if you choose it well. It’s your turn!

What about farmstead health

PO Box 985
Hillsborough, NC 27278 


It will re-open soon under new ownership. Details to follow via email.

FARMSTEAD HEALTH SUPPLY was founded in 1994 by Linda Phillips and Susan Gladin. Since 1999 Susan has managed the company. As shepherds, Linda and Susan searched for effective, natural, and economic ways to raise healthy animals. They developed products that made a significant difference in the health and condition of their own livestock and pets. These products are available to you throughFARMSTEAD HEALTH SUPPLY.

ATTEND OUR WORKSHOPS! In 1998 Susan received a SARE Grant (Sustainable Agriculture Resource Education) to teach “How to Conduct ‘On-the-Farm’ Fecal Studies” in the Southeast Region. Classes have been enthusiastically received., and a limited number of workshops are still available. Please contact us to set up classes in your area. Please contact us as soon as possible to set up a workshop in your area. Please contact us at (919) 643-0300 or E-mail us at

FARMSTEAD NEWS Send us your name and address to receive the (sometimes) quarterly FARMSTEAD NEWS sent directly to your mailbox or computer! You will read ideas and tips on natural livestock husbandry, announcements, and a place to read what other producers are doing&emdash;even to post your own ideas!

Click on a category to go to that page….
page contents are listed below each category.

NEW! PAY WITH YOUR CREDIT CARD! You can now order online and pay via your credit card or bank account using PAYPAL ( This service is convenient and safe, and has enabled millions of customers to trade online with confidence.


FHS usually ships via UPS, and so we need your street address and phone number. Take deliveries at your barn and save! See information on home offices. YOU can save on shipping charges if you are a business. BUT, you must have an office that is separate from the home. Have your packages delivered to the barn, and save! Let us know if you qualify as a UPS business.